Bullying is defined in California Education Code 48900 as any severe or pervasive physical or verbal act(s) or conduct, including electronic communications committed by a pupil(s) that has, or can be reasonably predicted to have, the effect of one or more of the following:
- Reasonable fear of harm to person or property;
- Substantially detrimental effect on physical or mental health;
- Substantial interference with academic performance;
- Substantial interference with the ability to participate in or benefit from school services, activities, or privileges.
Below are some resources for school staff, parents and students on how to prevent bullying, sample policies for school districts, and how to address bullying in schools. This can include the use of alternatives to suspension/expulsion, such as Restorative Justice, which can hold students accountable for their actions while at the same time building a nurturing and positive school climate.